Probiotics are live microorganisms (in most cases, bacteria) that are similar to beneficial microorganisms found in the human gut. They are also called “friendly bacteria” or “good bacteria.” Probiotics are available to consumers mainly in the form of dietary supplements and foods. There is mounting evidence that probiotics can have beneficial effects on human health. Possible mechanisms under active investigation include altering the intestinal “microecology” (e.g., reducing harmful organisms in the intestine), producing antimicrobial compounds (substances that destroy or suppress the growth of microorganisms), and stimulating the body’s immune response.
Probiotics commonly used include Lactobacillus and Bifidobacterium. The current scientific definition of probiotics includes preparations that contain viable, microbial agents that have been demonstrated to improve health. Typically, these products will contain freeze-dried (lyophilized) or live bacteria or yeasts; most commonly from the genera Lactobacillus and Bifidobacterium. Probiotic organisms can be incorporated into supplements, as well as foods. All of these mediums essentially work as carriers for the probiotic organisms. Fermented foods such as tempeh, miso and Natto, lacto fermented foods such as kimchi and pickles and cultured foods such as vegan cheese and vegan yogurt are excellent natural sources of high dose Lactobacillus and Bifidobacterium if prepared as per recipes in this module using longer fermentation times and using strictly organic vegetables.
Food Rich in Probiotics: include Kefir, Kombucha, yogurt, Kimchi, Sauerkraut, Tempeh, Pickled fruits and vegetables, fermented Sauces and fermented nut & seed cheeses. Prebiotic rich foods also feed the good bacteria in our gut which also helps our good bacteria to survive and proliferate. some activities that attack and diminish our good bacteria are antibiotics, lack of exercise, lack of fermented foods, junk foods and high sugar foods.